- All kid under the age of 4 has flat feet. It starts to develop at this age right up to around 10 years.
- It is often said it “runs in families”. So check it out.
- Almost all flat feet children are flexible meaning ligaments that hold the feet are soft.
- Only if there is rigidity, the child may experience some pain while running.
- Orthotics and arch support do not simulate in development of arch.
- Most children with flat feet will not need treatment.
- If you are in doubt about your child development of arch, you can check with your paediatrician.
- Do inform the school about your child flat feet if you see the walking deviation from the normal gait.
- Make your child wear comfortable shoes.
Flat feet is another concern for the parents and we should be aware of this common ailment. The arch inside of the foot when absent it is called a flat foot. Here are some common things we should know about it.
After the birth of a baby, the utmost concern shifts to take care of the newborn. The first thing is the umbilical cord stump which may look overwhelming to a new mother. Here are the few things we need to know about the umbilical stump and how to take care of it.
The ways to take care till the umbilical cord falls off:
The feet of the children need attention and needs to be nurtured to give them strong support in future. We have to understand the difference between normal developmental milestones or abnormalities in their gait or deformity. Immediately we should consult a doctor to verify if treatment is required. At the young age, it is easy to countercheck the deformities which become more prominent in adulthood. Here is a checklist of things we can follow to keep our children foot healthy.
The sucking of thumbs in infants and toddlers are a very common habit which needs a lot of effort to overcome. It is observed that the thumb sucking habits can even start in the womb. The primary reason for thumb sucking has its root in the suckling reflexes a child is born with. Something which we parents are well aware of but feel puzzled; when and how we could pull out our toddlers from this habit. Here are the few things we need to know.
At what age thumb sucking in children needs to be taken care off:
The summer breaks are on and along with it the activities our kids. Children would love to engage themselves to wear off their bustling energy. As parents, we are constantly laden with fear of our children getting hurt. Do we stop them from the pleasure of the physical activities; run, climb, jump, hide, swim, dive, bike, cricket, football, tennis, skateboard, rock climbing. Common sense is equipping them with proper safety guard and knowledge of how to prevent accidents and what to do in case of such accidents.
We as parents are well aware of our childhood when many of us had sustained injuries and many memories or even visible marks we carry life long. The differences our children in India faces is the ever shrinkage of the playground spaces and the concretization of the floors. The soft grassy lawn is replaced for the children with little parking spaces and hard surfaces in the metros and even in towns. So the severity of injuries is more. Here is the list of the injuries and the most common sites along with the preventive action we can undertake.
The chaotic childhood of bustling energies is sometimes painful. We have survived so will our children, but as parents, we need to be alert and to care of such accidents.
It is only after our child complains that they are having troubled vision and difficulty in reading in schools and following blackboards we become concerned about the eyes of our kids. Being parents, we need to take steps to save our child’s eyesight. The number of children right from the age of toddler or preschoolers coming up with prescription glasses is alarming. We are exposed to electronic visual media, young age schooling. These all are the key factors which lead to the snatching of eyesight of our children at a tender age. Parents succumb to these and feel trapped in the vicious cycle of daily modern life. Scientists have focused their research on this epidemic of poor eyesight, in particularly among the East Asian countries. These East Asian have the highest number of kids with weak eyesight. Did you notice a simple thing that the lower income group people children very rarely have the vision problem? The scientists have found the culprit. It is the immense pressure on children to sit many hours over books indoors and lack of exposure to natural sunlight. Thus we have to proactive to save that precious eyesight. Here are the simple corrective measures you can do to give your kid good vision.
Firstly we have to manage the visual media mainly Television laptop,smartphone and tab.Secondly the Reading and writing material and positions. Thirdly the eating habit of our kids.
Visual media measures that you can undertake to minimise the eye strain and fatigue.
Nowadays television is an integral part of every household. You can do the following:
Here are things unique to smartphones.
Now let us focus on the print media and studying the pattern of the children.
Researchers have proved that Sunlight stimulates the production of Vitamin D which regulate eye health. The widely accepted theory is that the sunshine triggers the release of dopamine, directly in the eye itself. This dopamine helps to control the shape of the retina and stops the unnecessary elongation of the retina which is the primary cause of short-sightedness in children. So here are the few things we can do to help to stimulate the production of dopamine.
After all these precautions it is necessary to have a healthy diet. Spinach, carrots and green vegetables contain lutein and zinc. Omega rich foods like nuts and oily fish are good for eye health.
There are Yoga related to eye muscle strengthening and eye relaxation exercise. Make your child practice once a day after learning them. They help to strengthen the eye muscles and improves vision power.
Lastly, ensure your child has adequate sleep and rest. The best way to the relaxation of eyes.
To keep an infant and toddler safe in the bathroom is an absolute necessity which we often seem to overlook. The possibilities of danger lurking around your bathroom are endless. In India, there are specific problems which if not addressed in a proper and safe way will cause severe injuries. Here in India, we do not have any specific government regulations to build child safety bathrooms in houses. So the awareness also runs low. Thus when a child is born in the family, we are often unaware of how to modify the bathrooms. Here are some precautions and modifications that the Indian parents can proactively undertake to ensure the safety of your kids.
The followings steps are to be undertaken before and even after modifications.
Drowning is the most typical of the accidents happen in a bathroom. In India, there is a scarcity of water in long summer seasons. Water storage in big buckets are quite common even in the metros. If there are large buckets or jars for water storage, always have a lid cover tightly fixed when it is full.
If the need is moderate, you can use water storage tanks with small inlet mouth with a tap. This type of storage removes the possibility of the drowning as the mouth itself is of very small diameter. I find it perfectly safe when working mothers leave their kids alone with the caregivers and maids, and the possibility of carelessness is always there.
The second frequent place where drowning of infants toddlers and preschoolers is most prevalent is the bathtub. Incidences happen in a fraction of a second. The average time for the drowning to occur is just literally 2 minutes. According to the specialist, the heart stops within five minutes to the maximum of 10 minutes. Interruption of the parent's attention is the leading cause of drowning. The things which I follow in bathtub bathing with my daughter are as follows:
The water level should never be above the waistline of your kid.
Sometimes the toddlers go on to play with the tap and open to fill in more water. You can undertake certain measures. Firstly you can buy the bathtub safety tap shield, but these are unavailable in India. So a little bit of plumbing work solved the problem. I have put a stopcock for the water near the tap somewhere where you can reach, but the kid cannot. It is a more permanent solution. Just you need to close the water flow to the bathtub taps.
Another very easy thing I do to ensure that the bathtub water plug is kept high up on the shelves. Whoever uses it plugs it up and then keeps it on the top shelf out of the reach of your child.
A bath mat that are specially Pvc light weight material is quite useful when you have a kid at home. You can keep your child safe from falling. It is quite easy to remove and clean on the everyday basis. These mats give a better grip to the young ones. The toddler and the kid who are always very nimble with their feet often slip and fall. This is the most effective prevention
For the use of the toilet, you can use the baby stool with a broad base so that your toddler does not topple and fall while reaching the wash basin or the toilet seat.
:Preventing Drug Accident
In our bathrooms we have many liquids and various hazardous chemicals causing poisoning items which can be fatal and life-threatening abound in our bathrooms.
Here are the most critical things which to be broadly grouped into 2 broad categories that should be taken care of:
Toilet bowl cleaners
Rat or cockroach aerosols
All these things are mainly found in the bathroom. What you need to do is to put the daily use toiletries like soap mouthwash lotion on a higher rack. The bathroom cleaners in a sealed cupboard probably with a lock which the child cannot open. Please do not keep it on the rack above the toilet seat or shelves above it. Inquisitive toddlers have the incredible capability to reach areas where you may think it is impossible and hard for you.
Other Common Injuries in the bathroom.
Electrical equipment shock.
If you have any electrical equipment like immersion heater or electric shaver, you need to keep them out of reach of your children. Personally, I feel immersion heater have the potential of electrocution. Please do not use it if you have kids around. Nowadays many small instant geysers are available which is safer to use.
For electrical shaver unplug it and keep it on the top shelve.
Children often gets locked inside the bathrooms. This usually happens when you have a toddler or a preschooler who think they can be as efficient as their elders and copy everything. To keep your kid from being locked in the bathroom provide a door guard high up so the child cannot reach.
Make a habit of keeping the bathroom doors always closed.
LAST AND THE MOST ESSENTIAL IN THE LIST IS TO NEVER LEAVE THE CHILD ALONE IN BATHROOM FOR 1 MINUTES.
Hand Foot Mouth in India symptoms. what food an Indian parent can give to their kid during this period.
The Hand Foot and Mouth viral disease which the parents dread worldwide has finally arrived in India. In the era of globalisation, the bane we face is the mobility of the disease. The outbreaks are common for children, especially in preschool. The most susceptible group are the children from 2 years to 6 years.
Here are the symptoms and remedies available for Indian mothers.
Enterovirus is the cause the hand foot mouth, but the disease is self-limiting. The main season for this virus to strike is the onset of winter or the during autumn or after the winter during spring. Temperate climate and moist climate also helps the virus to attack.
The following are the telltale sign for the kids.
The hand foot mouth has no medicine.You can only take care of your child and give them comfort and support until the time they recover.
The Hand foot mouth virus is not that prevalent is India but is fast catching up in the metros. HFMD is contagious. The spreading of the virus occurs through contact with faeces, saliva, mucus from the nose, or even from the fluid from the blisters. Keep washing of the hand to prevent further spread.
The first two or 3 days can be more of a liquid diet consisting of soups, glucose water, milk (only if there's no diarrhoea). Give small frequent meals at regular intervals, every 2 hrs which can be continuously increased to every 4 hrs.
Include foods which are soft, bland, easily digested and absorbed like gruels, cereal and milk, fruits like banana, papaya, orange, mousambi, melons, etc. Soft or mashed khichri or mashed curd rice or softly boiled veggies can also be included in the diet.
Protein intake of the diet should be raised. It essential to provide high nutritive value protein like milk, eggs & dhal
Fatty foods, spicy and highly fibrous foods are difficult to digest and best to avoid.
It's also crucial to remember that during fever, there is an increasing need for certain nutrients like Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin B, Calcium, Iron & sodium.
Here is a possible list of food that you can provide to your child
For the non-vegetarian, you can add the following
The three pillars for the kids to be free of HFMD is proper food, legitimate rest and good hygiene maintenance. A big dollop of love on top of it from parents would boost up the spirit of your kids and speed the recovery process.
We are now aware the hazards of the room heater for our children from the previous post. The solutions to the problems posed are there to relieve you. You can easily tweak the tips to suit your needs.
2. Humidity control:
,3. Prevention of nasal passage blockage and Asthma:
As the air is hot and dry, the pollutants and viruses in the dry air are more active in the room. The reason being the moisture prevents to trap them. Similarly, the nasal passage being devoid of moisture lets us inhale all harmful particles. To avoid this, you can wash your kid's nasal passage with saline nasal drops. It keeps the moisture in the passage balanced.
4.Prevention of Dehydration in children
This one is the easiest and yet difficult situations to overcome among kids. During winter, thirst is not induced by the body. So the urge to drink water is considerably reduced. Place a warm water bottle near your kid and remind them to drink water often. For infants and toddlers, you can give small spoonfuls of water. For the breastfeeding mother, it is your duty to provide water. Do keep a check on your water intake
The seriousness of the topic is a measure in itself. The dangers lurking increases manifold if you have a baby learning to walk, toddlers and preschoolers. They are inquisitive to touch anything. These are the following things to attend strictly:
As the upper part of India is reeling in cold waves with almost freezing temperatures, we desire to keep our home and hearth warm and safe. The heater is taken out and used to their fullest strength. We worry and fret about how shielded our children are from the menacing cold. In this effort we crank up our heaters more. Often feel assured of the protection it would offer. Along with warming of the room, the dry heat has its side effects which create havoc with your child health. The safety issue of the heater if ignored can be the cause of serious burn injuries.
The five most common health and safety hazards caused by room heaters.
In the case of Convectional Fan or Ceramic: The oxygen level gets depleted very fast. This reduction in the air quality is unhealthy for the children, especially newborn babies. The high level of pollutions the children has to endure in winter in India adds to the woe.
The hot air dries up the moisture and Humidity: As the humidity of the room is depleted it starts to affect the soft skin of the babies and even the adults. The skin breaks up, and there are rashes. A newborn has very delicate skin surface. If the humidity goes unregulated, then it interferes with the skin of the baby.
The Nasal passage blockage and the nose bleed due to low humidity: The sudden nose bleeding may start in young children and babies if the heater is on for a long time maybe 2 or 3 hours continuous. The dry heat affects the sinuses of all especially the kids It also aggravates bronchitis and asthma.
Accidental Burns and Safety: As babies and toddlers are unaware of the dangers of the hot equipment they have the propensity to touch it. It may cause severe burns.
Dehydration: Prolong use of the heater may cause dehydration in young children and newborn babies.The heat generated by the heaters absorbs the moisture from the skin fast.
All these disadvantages can be controlled and easily reversed by the wise choice of heaters and by the controlling of humidity. Safety measures have to be taken care diligently.